• Content count

  • Joined

  • Last visited

  • Days Won


Everything posted by dasitmane

  1. The cause of HPPD is fairly simple and very detailed in my ongoing thread. Its simply neuronal overexcitation leading to apoptosis. I've posted an endless amount of information showing its the only possible cause. Neurogenesis is the only possible cure for HPPD. Also the guys theory is easily disproved in the fact that if it were caused by immune dysfunction attacking the brain, it would most likely be a progressive disease. Which its not.
  2. Everything in our universe is quite simple, Push/pull concept, up down black white red blue north pole south pole day night sun black hole etc etc etc... well with our receptors its the same concept, agonist inverse agonist, I was thinking that maybe these very potent agonist of the 5ht2a receptors cause such an extreme push that things become out of balance, just like if you decreased suns gravity the earth would fall away, maybe we can utilize inverse 5ht2a agonists to accomplish the rebalancing of our receptors. unfortunately these dont exist that are on the market today, only in clinical trials, for the treatment of insomnia. Anyone have any ideas? Update: Full documentation of this disease can be found on page 24 post #478
  3. Has anyone by chance found any information as to what may be the most definitive cause for this condition. The only 3 specific things that I can think are Neuronal excitotoxic apoptosis Chemical embedment in the synapses that cant be broken down Or some altercation of DNA changing neuronal function
  4. Lol, based on the fact that he said "higher level of consciousness" I dont need to read the whole article to understand that he is an idiot. And who dictates what this forum is about? So who are you to say what its about? And as far as I'm concerned in all the research that I have done I'm easily ahead of the so called professionals in this disease, and based on your history you have made absolutely zero progress in the diagnosis nor treatment there of, so you have absolutely no room to speak. Edit: I actually read a little more of your most ridiculous statements and the fact that you think that psychedelics should be used on mentally ill/handicapped patients shows that you not only know absolutely nothing about neurology, but that you're a belligerent moron, a mere child running with scissors unrelentingly. Please put down the scissors, step away from your keyboard, and slap yourself repeating "I know not what I say" till you understand the reason for the therapy at hand. No pun intended, phaggot.
  5. Really!? The brain on hallucinogens acts different than normal!? HOLY FUKK what a way to waste a chit ton of tax money and time on a worthless research project. Loser fukk researcher should just retire now. What a worthless bitch. How stupid do you have to be to even publish those findings? "Brain doesn't act normal on psychedelics" hahaha nahhhhh I dont believe it. Professor Anil "Hurr Durr" Seth "higher 'level' of consciousness" Lol what a worthless piece of shit.
  6. In some of my free time I learned classical astrology and you can tell a lot about how a persons life will be. I would like to see if maybe some of us who got HPPD have anything in common astrologically. If you would like to contribute please post the exact time and location you were born. The time needs to be down to the minute, location is necessary as well. If you dont know the exact time it can be found on your birth certificate.
  7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3181663/ Just going to leave this here for future reading. I am finding a lot of information saying that hallucinogens do not cause neuronal loss, but I'm still doubtful. Found in the article posted Recent electrophysiological studies have produced new evidence that both psychedelic hallucinogens and NMDA antagonists activate the serotonergic system and enhance glutamatergic transmission via non-NMDA receptors in the frontal cortex.93,94 Whether this common mechanism contributes to the higher-level cognitive, perceptual, and affective effects of serotonergic hallucinogen and NMDA antagonists warrants further investigation.40 So excitotoxicity via glutamate could be the culprit. Enjoy some music guys. Fast forward to 1:19:30 [
  8. New study shows 70% proliferation of neural progenitor cells. Which basically means neuronal stem cells that are limited to the amount they can replicate. The study did not however show if there was any replacement of lost neurons. Also, anyone reading this, please realize that harmine is hallucinogenic and proven in one of the studies posted already in this thread to kill neurons, so please to not take harmine on a random chance that it might improve your hppd, as of right now it would most likely just make it worse. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/12/161207124115.htm Human neural progenitors exposed to harmine, an alkaloid presented at the psychotropic plant decoction ayahuasca, led to a 70 percent increase in proliferation of these cells. The effect of generating new human neural cells involves the inhibition of DYRK1A, a gene that is over activated in patients with Down syndrome and Alzheimer's Disease. Thus harmine could have a potential neurogenesis role and possibly a therapeutic one over cognitive deficits. Ayahuasca is a beverage that has been used for centuries by Native South-Americans. Studies suggest that it exhibits anxiolytic and antidepressant effects in humans. One of the main substances present in the beverage is harmine, a beta-carboline which potential therapeutic effects for depression has been recently described in mice. "It has been shown in rodents that antidepressant medication acts by inducing neurogenesis. So we decided to test if harmine, an alkaloid with the highest concentration in the psychotropic plant decoction ayahuasca, would trigger neurogenesis in human neural cells," said Vanja Dakic, PhD student and one of the authors in the study. In order to elucidate these effects, researchers from the D'Or Institute for Research and Education (IDOR) and the Institute of Biomedical Sciences at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (ICB-UFRJ) exposed human neural progenitors to this beta-carboline. After four days, harmine led to a 70% increase in proliferation of human neural progenitor cells. Researchers were also able to identify how the human neural cells respond to harmine. The described effect involves the inhibition of DYRK1A, which is located on chromosome 21 and is over activated in patients with Down syndrome and Alzheimer's Disease. "Our results demonstrate that harmine is able to generate new human neural cells, similarly to the effects of classical antidepressant drugs, which frequently are followed by diverse side effects. Moreover, the observation that harmine inhibits DYRK1A in neural cells allows us to speculate about future studies to test its potential therapeutic role over cognitive deficits observed in Down syndrome and neurodegenerative diseases," suggests Stevens Rehen, researcher from IDOR and ICB-UFRJ.
  9. Literally my biggest regret in my entire life was trying hallucinogens and ruining my brain. I had no idea this condition was what it was or even possible. It has literally ruined my life and robbed me of so much freedom and normalcy that so many others enjoy on a day to day basis not knowing what they have.
  10. It was a good guess. I looked in to it as well as it showed potential, but I could not find anything on it that it stimulated neuronal growth, so I never deemed it a possible cure. I did take a little bit once but not enough to notice any significant change. Edit: I have taken rosemary as well and it seemed to have stimulant effects and made my anxiety worse. Though I have read good things about its benefit for the brain.
  11. I had an MRI done and recall that nothing showed up other than "possible microlesions". I probably should go back and look at it myself, maybe those microlesions were potential for neuronal loss. Ghormeh Sabzi gave a very good response.
  12. I also wanted to add that its very unlikely that the purkinje fibers in the heart would be affected in this condition. As for the nodes and such of the heart I hardly doubt as well, Im not ruling that out completely yet though. But I hope to God that the neurons in the heart are not affected in this case, as it would be quite detrimental if they by any chance send anxiety/fight/flight responses to the brain triggering it, then the anxiety would most likely be incurable, where as if all the damage is located specifically to the central nervous system it should be fine and curable up to I would guess anywhere from 80% to 99% improvement, which realistically is remarkable, and would make life bearable for this horrific disease. So anyways to wrap all this up its extremely clear at this point as to the cause of this disease, and how it develops, etc.
  13. Here is some more detailed information of the probable occurrence in HPPD at hand, and linear with the theories that i had before, that we have lost some neurons that are involve in inhibitory responses. Just read the article, typically purkinje cells are involved with just fine motor control but it does show that they release GABA and have an inhibitory effect on the brain. It could be the case that these cells exist else where or are communicating with other areas of the brain and have been lost, hence the over stimuli effect such as visuals and anxiety etc. Its very clear that certain areas of the brain are not being properly regulated/inhibited. Purkinje cell ANATOMY WRITTEN BY: The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica LAST UPDATED: 5-15-2015 See Article History RELATED TOPICS Jan Evangelista Purkinje cell organ cerebellum mirror neuron brain neuron hindbrain nervous system neuroplasticity Purkinje cell, large neuron with many branching extensions that is found in the cortex of the cerebellum of the brain and that plays a fundamental role in controlling motor movement. These cells were first discovered in 1837 by Czech physiologist Jan Evangelista Purkinje. They are characterized by cell bodies that are flasklike in shape, by numerous branching dendrites, and by a single long axon. Most Purkinje cells release a neurotransmitter called GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), which exerts inhibitory actions on certain neurons and thereby reduces the transmission of nerve impulses. These inhibitory functions enable Purkinje cells to regulate and coordinate motor movements. A Purkinje cell that has been isolated from a mouse brain, injected with fluorescent dye, and … Maryann Martone—CCDB/NCMIR/UC San Diego The cerebellar cortex is made up of three layers, consisting of an outer synaptic layer (also called the molecular layer), an intermediate discharge layer (the Purkinje layer), and an inner receptive layer (the granular layer). Sensory input from all sorts of receptors is conveyed to specific regions of the receptive layer, which consists of enormous numbers of small neurons (hence the name granular) that project axons into the synaptic layer. There the axons excite the dendrites of the Purkinje cells, which in turn project axons to portions of the four intrinsic nuclei that make up the vestibular nucleus within the fourth ventricle of the brainstem. Because most Purkinje cells are GABAergic and therefore exert strong inhibitory influences upon the cells that receive their terminals, all sensory input into the cerebellum results in inhibitory impulses’ being exerted upon the deep cerebellar nuclei and parts of the vestibular nucleus.
  14. It doesn't sound like it to much, if it is it sounds very mild. Stay away from synthetics btw.
  15. Have you taken a look at my thread? Theres been a lot of progress made.
  16. Well guys, its a sad day, because here is pretty much the nail in the coffin that hallucinogenic use does in fact like I theorized produce an excitotoxic effect, resulting in loss of neurons. Finding this article was difficult for even me to read because it really sinks in the reality of the situation of HPPD. The good news is, believe it or not, that this still is a curable disease. More so than others, or has a better potential outcome. The reason being for this is that central nervous system tissue damage, like this, or in the case of a stroke or paralysis, does not form any scar tissue, so healing remains only to just stimulating neuronal growth. The only detriment I see to this is by possibility that the purkinje cells in the heart are also reduced, in which case I would assume fills with scar tissue rendering that area much more difficult to remedy, and possibly... impossible, which could have great consequences in the case that they send any signals to the brain that modern science is unaware of. Anyways, here it is. Abstract The indole alkaloids ibogaine and harmaline are beta-carboline derivatives that cause both hallucinations and tremor. Reports that ibogaine may have potent anti-addictive properties have led to initiatives that it be tested for the treatment of opiate and cocaine addiction. In this study, ibogaine-treated rats were analysed for evidence of neurotoxic effects because human clinical trials of ibogaine have been proposed. We recently found that ibogaine induces a marked glial reaction in the cerebellum with activated astrocytes and microglia aligned in parasagittal stripes within the vermis. Based on those findings, the present study was conducted to investigate whether ibogaine may cause neuronal injury or degeneration. The results demonstrate that, after treatment with ibogaine or harmaline, a subset of Purkinje cells in the vermis degenerates. We observed a loss of the neuronal proteins microtubule-associated protein 2 and calbindin co-extensive with loss of Nissl-stained Purkinje cell bodies. Argyrophilic staining of Purkinje cell bodies, dendrites and axons was obtained with the Gallyas reduced silver method for degenerating neurons. Degenerating neurons were confined to narrow parasagittal stripes within the vermis. We conclude that both ibogaine and harmaline have selective neurotoxic effects which lead to degeneration of Purkinje cells in the cerebellar vermis. The longitudinal stripes of neuronal damage may be related to the parasagittal organization of the olivocerebellar climbing fiber projection. Since these drugs produce sustained activation of inferior olivary neurons, we hypothesize that release of an excitatory amino acid from climbing fiber synaptic terminals may lead to excitotoxic degeneration of Purkinje cells. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/14821234_Degeneration_of_Purkinje_cells_in_parasagittal_zones_of_the_cerebellar_vermin_after_treatment_with_Ibogaine_or_harmaline
  17. Lol what would be the gain of making up some disease?? People are ridiculous.
  18. Hey Jay! Would you be willing to post results of your MRI? Maybe you could screen shot it if they find anything. I've been making a lot of advancement in reading. It turns out that brain tissue doesn't "scar" like most people think but its a glial scar, and really not even a scar at all, in essense it just liquefies the dead tissue/neurons and removes them, leaving a vacant area. Which really is good news because actual fibrin scar tissue would impede any kind of healing. Which means realistically is all we have to do is find something that stimulates neuron replication. I'm pretty certain as well that the issue in cases of HPPD there is a minor, widespread neuronal loss in the areas affected. Primarily the the limbic system, and prefrontal lobes. just check out my thread I posted quite a bit of new stuff.
  19. This study shows not only the areas of the brain most likely effected in this condition, but also, that during hallucinogen use, these areas of the brain are stimulated(and possibly overstimulated?(such as in the lithium study)) Brain imaging studiesUntil recently, many neural circuit models were based on animal studies, and implications for the effects of hallucinogenic drugs or disease models in humans were based on inferences from these studies. However, functional neuroimaging studies enable one to examine these neural circuit models directly and test specific hypotheses about the role of specific neural systems in the expression of ASC. PET with the radiotracer 18F-fluorodcoxyglucose (18FDG) was used to assess drug-induced changes in the regional cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRglu), as an index of cerebral activity. We found that a hallucinogenic dose of racemic ketamine increased neuronal activity in the prefrontal cortex (hyperfrontality) and associated limbic regions, as well as in striatal and thalamic structures in healthy volunteers, giving the first evidence that functional alterations in CSTC loops may underlie the symptomatology of drug-induced ASC.50 This hyperfrontality finding was corroborated and extended in subsequent studies in healthy volunteers in which the effects of hallucinogens and NMDA antagonists including psilocybin, racemic ketamine, and S-ketamine were compared. In particular, we found that, despite different primary mechanisms of action, the two classes of drugs produced strikingly similar brain activation patterns as indexed by normalized CMRglu. Both psilocybin and ketamine markedly increased brain activity bilaterally in the frontomedial and frontolateral cortex, including the anterior cingulate. Lesser increases were found in the temporomedial, superior, and inferior parietal cortices, striatum, and thalamus. Decreases were found in the left caudate nucleus, bilaterally in the ventral striatum, occipital lobe, and visual pathway.9-11 A correlational analysis revealed that the metabolic hyperfrontality in ketamine and psilocybin subjects was associated with a depersonalization/derealization syndrome, thought disturbances, and mania-like symptoms.9-11 The hyperfrontality finding in ASC was further supported by evidence from brain imaging studies with ketamine and psilocybin in healthy volunteers27,51 and was also found in subjects treated with the classic pheny le thyl amine hallucinogen mescaline.52 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3181663/
  20. This report here seems to imply that there is the possibility that MDMA acting on serotonin receptors may cause acute brain infarction in the forebrain and brain stem/mid brain. Keep in mind most hallucinogens act on the serotonin receptors, so could have similar effects to that of MDMA. HUMAN STUDIES Evidence of neurotoxicityEvidence from human studies has accumulated more slowly, but it is becoming apparent that the toxic effect of MDMA on central serotonergic systems found previously in animal studies has a clear parallel in human users of the drug.There is now direct evidence of a lasting decrease in 5-HT uptake sites (a marker for the integrity of 5-HT nerve terminals) in human volunteers with a past history of MDMAabuse.13 Moreover, this decrease correlates positively with the extent of their self-reported previous exposure to the drug, and is in keeping with decreases in more general biochemical markers for central serotonergic activity reported elsewhere.14Positron emission tomographic (PET) imaging has revealed that the consequences of MDMA toxicity may be even more widespread than predicted from animal experiments. In addition to the hippocampal formation, both the amygdala andareas of neocortex may be affected byMDMA.15 Cognitive changes in ecstasy usersThe manifestations of this neurotoxicity, in terms of altered cerebral function and behavioral change, range from neuroendocrine impairments16 to deficits in verbal memory and reasoning,17short-term memory and semantic recognition,14 and visual memory.18More general indices of intelligence are also adversely affected,19 but reports of serious long-term psychiatric disorders are still rare, with the possibility that previous exposure to MDMA merely accentuates preexisting negative personality features.20 One particularly worrying feature that has emerged is that chronic psychosis, when manifest in MDMA users, reportedly responds poorly to therapy.21 The effects of MDMA on cognitive performance arising directly from drug—induced neurotoxicity may be compounded by indirect effects on the cerebral circulation. As well as providing extensive innervation of forebrainneuronal systems, there is also evidence that cerebral blood vessels are innervated by the same serotonergic neurons arising from themesencephalon.22 It should not be surprising then that both acute and chronic treatments with MDMAproduce cerebrovascular effects. In rats, the acute effect of MDMA is to produce pronounced focal cerebrovascularhyperemia,23 which, in anatomic distribution, is directly parallel to the occurrence ofMDMA-associated hemorrhagic stroke in humans.24 In contrast, the chronic cerebrovascular effects of MDMA are more subtle under normal physiologic conditions and require the superimposition of physiologic stress before becoming fully apparent.25 It is now evident that MDMA abuse is an important risk factor for cerebrovascular accidents in young people. If these vascular accidents are neurologically silent, however, they may only become apparent at a later date. This effect may parallel the type of cognitive decline seen in patients with multi-infarctdementia.
  21. If you're not getting the symptoms of it, it could be gone, that is if you mean specifically DP/DR, if you mean HPPD its rarely never completely resolved and in the few cases that it is claimed, its probably just lack of perception from the party claiming it to be gone. Basically whenever its seemed to have been resolved just drink enough coffee and you'll realize its still there. The DP/DR can definitely go away though. Generally DP/DR is seen in the earlier stages of HPPD, and typically can resolve, but it seems to just depend on person to person, and is probably dependent on which type of drug they used and what part of the brain was more affected.
  22. This CLEARLY shows to a significant degree that HPPD is caused by neuronal tissue damage and apoptosis. Meaning that it will not be cured by means of chemical alteration, and requires neurogenesis.
  23. Here is one more case study proving the fact that these types of drugs are causing neuronal death and apoptosis like I had expected. The neurotoxicity of hallucinogenic amphetamines in primary cultures of hippocampal neurons. Capela JP1, da Costa Araújo S, Costa VM, Ruscher K, Fernandes E, Bastos Mde L, Dirnagl U, Meisel A, Carvalho F. Author information Abstract 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or "Ecstasy") and 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine hydrochloride (DOI) are hallucinogenic amphetamines with addictive properties. The hippocampus is involved in learning and memory and seems particularly vulnerable to amphetamine's neurotoxicity. We evaluated the neurotoxicity of DOI and MDMA in primary neuronal cultures of hippocampus obtained from Wistar rat embryos (E-17 to E-19). Mature neurons after 10 days in culture were exposed for 24 or 48 h either to MDMA (100-800 μM) or DOI (10-100 μM). Both the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and the tetrazolium-based (MTT) assays revealed a concentration- and time-dependent neuronal death and mitochondrial dysfunction after exposure to both drugs. Both drugs promoted a significant increase in caspase-8 and caspase-3 activities. At concentrations that produced similar levels of neuronal death, DOI promoted a higher increase in the activity of both caspases than MDMA. In the mitochondrial fraction of neurons exposed 24h to DOI or MDMA, we found a significant increase in the 67 kDa band of apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) by Western blot. Moreover, 24h exposure to DOI promoted an increase in cytochrome c in the cytoplasmatic fraction of neurons. Pre-treatment with an antibody raised against the 5-HT(2A)-receptor (an irreversible antagonist) greatly attenuated neuronal death promoted by 48 h exposure to DOI or MDMA. In conclusion, hallucinogenic amphetamines promoted programmed neuronal death involving both the mitochondria machinery and the extrinsic cell death key regulators. Death was dependent, at least in part, on the stimulation of the 5-HT(2A)-receptors. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22983118
  24. More information on the neurotoxicity involving drugs. "Recently, two other penethylamine hallucinogens 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) have been demonstrated to produce apparently irreversible neurotoxicity to serotonin neurons." Clearly the reason why not all get HPPD is dose dependant and others may be more sensitive to the drugs, and more perceptive to the sensory changes after use. Entire case study can be found here. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10899362